Apocalypse Then: The First Crusade
A conversation with Jay Rubenstein

How did the First Crusade happen? Jay Rubenstein is convinced that the primary contributing factor was the widespread belief in the Apocalypse and the consequent determination of so many crusaders to actively participate in the last stages of the divine plan.

About Jay Rubenstein:

Jay Rubenstein is an Associate Professor of Medieval History at the University of Tennessee. His work focuses on the intellectual, cultural, and spiritual worlds of Europe in the Middle Ages, in particular the 11th and 12th centuries. He is a Rhodes scholar and MacArthur Fellow.

Some Additional Resources:
Armies of Heaven: The First Crusade and the Quest for Apocalypse

By Jay Rubenstein

The New Concise History of the Crusades

By Thomas F. Madden

The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land

by Thomas Asbridge

Monodies and On the Relics of Saints: The Autobiography and a Manifesto of a French Monk from the Time of the Crusades

By Guibert of Nogent, edited and translated by Jay Rubenstein

Guibert of Nogent: Portrait of a Medieval Mind

By Jay Rubenstein

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Chapter 1: Tennessee Medievalists (00:01:42)

Chapter 2: Suddenly Relevant (00:05:48)

Chapter 3: Uncovering the Apocalypse (00:09:23)

Chapter 4: The First Crusade (00:16:32)

Chapter 5: Crusading Motivations I - Prevailing Wisdom (00:23:24)

Chapter 6: Crusading Motivations II - Apocalyptic Notions (00:34:17)

Chapter 7: Unexpected Victories and Enjoyable Hellfire (00:45:01)

Chapter 8: Responses to Armies of Heaven (00:49:51)

Chapter 9: Lessons Learned (00:54:51)